The latest Heritage Minute from Historica Canada follows scientists Frederick Banting, Charles Best, James Collip and John James Rickard Macleod at the University of Toronto as they race for a treatment to cure 13-year-old Leonard Thompson of his life-threatening diagnosis of diabetes.
On January 11, 1922 the first ever injection of insulin was given to Thompson at Toronto General Hospital.
In the spring of 1922, Banting established a private practice in Toronto and began to treat diabetic patients. His first American patient was Elizabeth Hughes Gossett, daughter of US Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes.
Banting and Macleod were jointly awarded the 1923 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Banting split his half of the Prize money with Best, and Macleod split the other half of the Prize money with James Collip.
Banting and Best made the patent available free of charge so that millions of diabetics worldwide could get access to insulin.
To date, the youngest Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine is Banting, who was 32 years old when he was awarded the Medicine Prize.
Back in the day
According to the American Diabetes Association, “Until 1851, a (diabetes) diagnosis was based on the taste of the urine, which may have curbed screening enthusiasm, although the physician in charge ‘sometimes called upon the house physician to apply this test,’ and self-monitoring was occasionally recommended.
Historica Canada’s Heritage Minutes are a collection of dramatic 60-second vignettes of pivotal events in the country’s history. Each film depicts a significant person, event or story. First released in 1991, they have been shown on television, in cinemas and online, and have become a part of Canadian culture.
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Source: Genealogy à la carte https://genealogyalacarte.ca
Posted On: May 18, 2021 at 06:07AM