The Bangs Family genealogy book provides a short sketch for Apphia Bangs on page 20 and on pages 28-29 for her family information.
Apphia Bangs was born 15 October 1651, a twin with sister Mercy, the 8th and 9th children of Edward and Rebecca (Hobart?) Bangs of Plymouth and Eastham, Massachusetts[1-2].
She married, first, to John Knowles (1644-1675), on 28 December 1670 in Eastham. John was the son of Richard and Ruth (Bowers) Knowles of Plymouth and Eastham. He died on 3 June 1675 in Taunton during King Philips’s War, leaving Apphia with three small children, all recorded in Eastham town records:
* Edward Knowles (1671-1740), married (1) 1700 Ann Ridley (1674-1712), and (2) 1712 Sarah Elkins (1672-1753).
* John Knowles (1673-1757), married (1) 1693 Mary Sears (1672-1745), and (2) 1745 Rebecca –?– (1680-1773).
* Rebecca Knowles (1676-1758), married about 1700 Thomas Tobey (1676-1757).
Apphia (Bangs) Knowles married, second, to Stephen Atwood (1653-1722), perhaps in March 1676/7[5-6]. Stephen was the son of Stephen and Abigail (Dunham) Atwood of Plymouth and Eastham. Stephen and Apphia had eight children, all born in Eastham, but only the last one recorded in the town records:
* Stephen Atwood (1678-1745), married 1700 Martha Pike (1679-1729).
* Malchiel Atwood (1679-1728), married 1700 Prudence Harding (1680-1713).
* Joseph Atwood (1680-1740), married 1710 Bethia Crowell (1689-1752).
* Apphia Atwood (1681-????).
* Eleazer Atwood (1682-1729), married 1709 Joanna Strout (1685-1736).
* Joshua Atwood (1683-1724), married 1721 Lydia Doane (1703-????).
* Hannah Atwood (1686-1771), married 1714 Samuel Horton (1686-1778).
* Thomas Atwood (1696-1784), married 1724 Phebe Mayo (1709-1783).
In his will dated 19 October 1677, and proved 5 March/ 1677/8, Apphia’s father Edward Bangs gave his daughters:
"…to "my daughter Howes, my daughter Higgens, my daughter Done, my daughter Hall, my daughter Merricke, and my daughter Attwood, four pounds apiece at my decease…"
In husband Stephen Atwood’s will dated 20 May 1715 and proved 12 July 1722, Apphia (Bangs) (Knowles) Atwood was bequeathed:
"Imp^s. I give and bequeath unto my Loveing wife Apphia Attwood the whole Improvement of all my houseing Lands Marsh or meadow ground that I am Possest of In the Town of Eastham Dureing her Naturall Life if she Remain my widdow until her Death but if she see Cause to Marry again she shall have the bed whereon we now Lodge with therefore Curtains and what Ever ^of^ Right belongeth to said bed; whence I Like wise Constitute make & ordaine my soul Executrix of this my Last will & Testament."
When the inventory was taken, widow and executrix Apphia Atwood made an oath in the probate court that the inventory was the truth. Hence, she survived her husband.
Their youngest son, Thomas Atwood, was bequeathed possession of Stephen Atwood’s lands after the death of Apphia, and she probably lived in her home in Eastham until her death.